of the two hundred fifty sugar refinery is active in the late nineteenth century only to remain in operation. in two thousand and seventeen at all spent home in rap archeologists examine the remains of the sun shocked residents sugar refinery. a mill stock rooms and three rows of so-called negro huts where hundreds of slaves used to be confined. in this concentration camp like universe men was but one tool among others he was a mechanized emaciated body consumed by work until his last breath. both the time in which the slaves were digging the cane holes and the times in which their harvesting are really the peak of the labor on a plantation you could almost see the slaves wasting away when they were digging
these cane holes because the work was so strenuous and they were getting fed so poorly. you found women in all of the gangs oftentimes doing the hardest dirtiest labor on the plantation alongside the men or even before the men and one of the things that means when you find young women doing this quite debilitating labor is the birth rates are very low and the mortality rates the infant mortality rate is shockingly high in the mid eighteenth century people talked about nine out of ten infants born to enslave jamaican women dying right within the first year so there's no way in which the plantation can reproduce itself under those kinds of conditions. she said as though she's sick but he needed to absolute amid displayed it broken him in as well because she come in. look at the salt do that this. dolly's
of all the other he does she'll be nice to discover about this. shit dale human did goodies yesterday mom and if i join. with us in the us but. this is just it it boded most it doesn't look as mickey musial businesses don't get it just it is all still more of the one cuban was awful you must she i think seafood i think cebu and i think. with the sugar plantation slavery entered a new era the stronger the demand for sugar the more the slave trade expanded and the more the slave traders sought bank support to finance their expeditions. london is one of the oldest centers of global finance the city of london was the first to create a commodities exchange to develop credit markets and to shoot banknotes on
a massive scale. without the invention of a centralized banking system the explosion of the slave trade in the eighteenth century would not possible. preparing for a slave expedition was expensive and having a financial arsenal gave england a decisive advantage over its competitors. you've got to remember that the state is getting a tremendous amount of revenue from the plantation complex so they have a very strong vested interest in the slave trade if you had gone to the king of england in sixteen eighty. and said look i'm going to give you a choice you can either have these thirteen colonies in north america or you can have this one little island called barbados he would have taken barbados of the split second because of the sugar revenues and this is something that's going to persist as a very important interest for european states up until the very end of slavery.
to support the civil war the city lent money with abandon. in the midst of these glass buildings the two pillars of english economy that finance the slave trade still dominate the london skyline on one side the very honorable bank of england the world's first central bank. on the other the u.k.'s most powerful insurance company the prestigious lloyd's of london. within the atlantic slave trade slave traders had to take on heavy debts to charter their ships and without an insurance company most would risk ruin on their first expedition. you could lose a lot you could lose this ship if the ship was your own. you could lose the crew you could lose the cargo that you put on board to barter for slaves in africa and you could also lose the supplies you carry on board for the journey and this
business slaves were just another commodity of varying quality that slave companies sought to sell off at the best price a sixteen eighty six letter from a slave trader to his associates illustrates this. convoys that left your country on the twenty first of february via the all the street on the first of march to be on the merry arrived here on the twenty ninth of june with each boat having lost over one hundred of the negro years but it was transporting. the rest how about a fluke and i invited by physical condition which will him to the south we said we must let them go right now right if we can't even sell them at all. we are in a difficult position of not knowing what to do with the new rivers that are in such bad condition that nobody dead come aboard to buy them.
the slave traders invested in the trade as if it were a game of poker the risks were high but if successful the return on investment would far outweigh any other type of investment. insurers like lloyds had everything to gain by participating in this game of chance a successful expedition could yield up to three times the initial stake. in the lloyd archives barely any evidence remains of the profits amassed by ensuring these perilous expeditions. most accounting records burned in a fire and eight hundred thirty eight the same year slavery was abolished in the british caribbean. ports had to adapt to this race to africa and the caribbean. in london black while became a slave. trades principle war. here trade goods were embarked precious fabrics jewels porcelains weapons and brandy's all bought on credit with the banks money
around this pier a giant port complex gradually unfolding a city within a city entirely devoted to this new business. following london six hundred sixty three the great seaports all rushed one after the other to take advantage of this lucrative trade. copenhagen. bristol not liverpool bolo and to work from all over europe slave ships that sail for africa. when i began to see slave ships leaving from not just liverpool anon but from every port in the atlantic as soon as a port becomes big enough to contemplate the trans oceanic voyage there's a good chance that voyage is going to be a slave trade voyage and we've got one hundred and seventy separate ports tiny places today they've got no idea that once upon a time they send a slave boy just simply to support in the child's charming place and yet it's
a slave trade pored. over a period of two centuries more than three thousand five hundred expedition set sail from french ports. more than half of them left from the port of not the french champion triangular trade. sculpted figures along the kid love us or fatal island or reminders of an era when great slave trading families displayed the pride of being the main architects of the city's well. it was they who made not france's leading commercial pork. is the official if it's what is clever. well clearly negroes here all is a home at sixty point reason really. no clue volley for you to put you thought of in the project order to. be sixteen sixty nine. from not bordeaux. and slavery money flowed back up rivers to
all. and. it had such repercussions on inland areas that it became a national objective to the fourteenth fully understood this to when the sugar war he would need a powerful fleet. to the fourteenth order the construction of five hundred gallons . elana became the theater of a naval war between france england and holland a fight to the death in which each something ship was a total loss of the country's economy. citric would cost. made of. get to know if not more he said but screw. loose not small to see gay artists nor small in their yard or game design so no libby you. know. thousands of military ships followed in the wake of
the slave trade fleet. sixteen thousand gallons were already protecting dutch commercial ships while the three thousand lightning fast royal navy cruisers terrified their adversaries france paled in comparison to such armada us. each nation needed a fortress in africa it was to compete in the atlantic race. just like the caribbean islands these forts where the superstructures of the triangular trade genuine military platforms the offered protection for guarded goods and captives before departure by sea. in less than eighty years forty three for troy built from senegal to the niger delta. every stone and every beam every. element of masonry was transported by boat from europe. most of these fortresses are built by states individual capitalists or even groups of trading capitalists did not have
that kind of money in order to build those sorts of fortresses. in sixteen eighty four giambattista cost the director of the company just had a gun wrote a progress report for the real fourteen on the construction of force. they came kept an eye on spending every penny invested in the slave trade had to generate profit. first of all it's necessary to know what size the fortress must be the height of each bust in time to control the quantity of bricks sand and whitewash that needs to be carried. out as this expense would be considerable it is possible to provide some through congress the dutch on eight fortresses on two trading posts on the gold coast it is easy to judge the considerable sums now since they supply six
thousand negroes per yet. our fortress will supply north through the colonies when they require a very large number of near us which will infinitely multiply a sugar manufacturing. for the time being france only had one for on the gold coast. they had to make up for lost time. the english already had thirteen the dutch ten the danish five even the prussians with their three fourths surpassed the french. on the gold coast on the side of present day ghana the fanti and ashanti rented europeans plots of land to build their forts the europeans established trading posts and fortresses all along the
atlantic coast on the airway territory of the congo kingdom equitorial africa became the world's main source of captives. in this royal african company accounting document written in sixteen eighty eight we learned that over an eight year period being less company shipped sixty thousand seven hundred eighty three captives. each captive cost them eight to twelve pounds sterling equivalent today between eleven hundred and seven hundred dollars. all of them were bought with trade goods. the demand for slaves was so high that the europeans urge their african partners to plan rationalize and industrialize their methods of mass deportation. slaves or often bought on credit. and sold out amount that european ships would come they would have
a whole cargo full of textiles different metal wearer. tobacco whatever and they these would be given to the local merchants extended to them on credit and then the merchants would go inland with those goods and buy slaves and come back the biggest impact was the level of. the level of violence the rising level of violence the level of uncertainty. that permeated society everywhere and also the opportunity for new new big ben. to emerge new powerful leaders somebody gets a hold of more firearms somebody gets more aggressive they build their own personal chiefs up to suddenly the powerful. among these bosses was duke
a major african broker from calabar. in his diary he spoke of the methods he used to terrorize captives kidnapping sequestration assassination. about four am i caught up awful rain i will top of the city train asked what i meant all the times and. we got many to cut off hats. five am we got decapitation snakes. fifteen and it's about that day. that.
very clearly these sacrifices were intended as a form of terrorism that were meant to make it very clear to the population who was the boss and who was naught the very much the way to. the mafioso type organizations. behave in terms of making sure that the members of the association respect whoever the godfather is and if anybody steps out of line they can be assassinated or killed and so they don't step out of line obviously. full of struggles i mean nobody not a person coming into. the wind up and. full of pleasure to me who was only a hole in an intimate look at life in cuba today getting. more
detail i carry id from the exterior this is my cuba on al-jazeera. cape town's water running out of city hall storage he said people should use no more than fifty liters of time water per person per day. about a third of the city's residents live in informal settlements like this one and you can see in about four percent of the water for generations they've already been collecting it through communal taps also as you say the city will reach daisy on the ninth of july that's when they'll turn off the water in the homes to have it be the communal times will stay on. the city's times the fed by reservoirs this is one of the largest. because alz gallop where four years ago they would have been on the twenty five meters of water since then the province has suffered the worst drought
on record. water saving measures have already postponed day zero bice three months everyone here is hoping the winter will soon bring enough rainfall to make sure the days erode never come. hello i'm devika pollen in london and these are the top stories on. evans who the rebels say least thirty one people have been killed inside led airstrikes hooty t.v. is reporting warplanes targeted a camp for internally displaced people and one day does during a human distrait most of the victims are children alan fisher has more from neighboring djibouti what appears to have happened is that there was an attack in the area all this district now according to the media that we've carried out by
hooty fighters and it killed one child then a number of hours later there was a strike by the so do you led coalition on account for internally displaced people essentially refugees from the war in other parts of yemen who had moved here to try and seek safety and that killed thirty one people including twenty children the u.n. is urging latin american countries to ease entry restrictions for venezuelans fleeing an economic crisis in ecuador announced last week that they wouldn't let venezuelans in without a passport and more than four hundred twenty thousand have entered ecuador this year when he planning to continue south to. donald trump has warned that there would be an economic crash if these impeached the u.s. president has been on the defensive following the prosecution of two former top aides one of those aides his former lawyer michael cohen implicated trump in a crime when he pleaded guilty to breaking campaign finance laws saying that he did
so at trump's direction and south africa has accused trump of inflaming racial tensions after the u.s. president tweeted about allegedly and seizures from white farmers trump says he's our secretary of state my pompei it is sad study land and farm seizures and what he described as a large scale killing of farmers in south africa many experts say though there's no evidence to suggest white farmers are being targeted. a ugandan pop star an opposition politician has been charged with treason just minutes after he was freed by a military court bobby wine was transferred from military detention to civilian custody on thursday the government has denied accusations he was beaten in custody although he was seen limping on crutches as he left the court. and those are the headlines stay with us now as lavery roots continues.
on the island of south told me the portuguese invented an economic model with unprecedented profitability the sugar plantation. almighty as a. kind of asuka nearly thirteen million africans were thrown on to new slavery was to the new world where the english the french and the dutch hope to become wealthy immensely wealthy. for the benefit of a handful of enterprising unscrupulous profiteers the entire continental economy was disrupted. on the coast african brokers knew all of the inner workings of the sugar plantation. a slave ship from some of the. dock that you all go in the kingdom of congo.
it's captains drawings provide exceptional details of the negotiations between europeans and africans. the merchants from the coast knew that the marys how to fix captain was in a hurry he absolutely had to arrive in the west indies before harvest time. this was the time of year when slaves sold best and when the best sugar was available. so they deliberately prolong negotiations to drive prices up. three hundred twelve captives rounded up in one hundred sixteen days. african response to the expansion of trade was directly tied to the fact that people in the various embarkation points in the african coast knew exactly what was going on in the americas all of these individuals were were entirely aware of the plantation system of the americas. the mary sarah fico
arrived in sandeman one year after leaving friends only nine captives had perished a good ratio for the crew which celebrated success. in the drawings of the mary star sheik no allusion to the slave suffering appears. they were dehumanized shadows tallied and lined up like barrels at the bottom of the hold it in many cases the transportation of human beings turned into a nightmare. it's very important to understand that violence on board slave ships would be used selectively in other words no captain wanted to kill the entire allotment of people on board because that voyage within have no profit so when there was resistance what the captains would do is organize a a spectacle in which a small number of people would be executed and extremely vicious horrific
ways as a means of terrorizing everybody else all of the enslaved would be forced to come up on deck in order to view these executions one slave ship surgeon said that frequently the decks the main deck of the ship would just be completely awash in blood and the aftermath of one of these failed revolts revolts were common and they were almost always suppressed but the captains would use that situation to kill a small number in order to intimidate everybody else sending the message that if you resist us this will be your fate. on caribbean beaches captives disembarked as blacks in a world dominated by whites. an outlet for a society founded on violence and race the carnival echoes the days when the
shooting. industry imposed its rhythms rights and seasons and set the pace for island life. i an era when drummers announce the end of winter and there's option of cutting when fleeing slaves covered themselves in the last oh and all the stuff for the hands of their persecutors i know not the. the plantation was a machine that devoured its workforce. it needed a constant supply of newcomers. land owners wanted to transform the slaves bodies into tools on plantations whipping in torture will methodically use to deprive them of their humanity.
in this torture garden. the master's authority was absolute. so you take for example a character like thomas this a wood and you can almost see in his diaries the escalation in the violence that he has to mete out of the things he has to mete out to the enslaved to keep them working on the plantation. by a riot as a foreman on the new plantation and learning to listen to. me had to carry out justice in the negro who had escaped. we civilly with him and rubbed salt in lime juice into his wounds. three days later the body of another slave who escaped to us cut off his head.
these kinds of tortures and these kinds of punishments this kind of brutality actually became commonplace on on these plantations where you had white people working out among armies of slaves who they feared they could not control the sound of the screaming and the stench of the burning bodies that also became a fundamental feature of the jamaican landscape right that is what plantation society is it's that smell it's that sound it's that fear and terror that's compelling people to work and to obey their masters there's no way to separate vaca and of terror from the labor on the plantation from the profits that that labor produced. but the plantation owners could not squander the slaves they had bought on credit the state had financed the shipment of slaves and wanted its return on investment. sixteen eighty five. in france the way the fourteenth promulgated the
code now are a set of laws designed to regulate the relationships between masters and slaves. only modest as can china and be displaced with canes all robs when they believe their slaves have deserved this. they are prohibited from the ministry torture of so many me to nation of limbs. in all legal systems in which sort of slavery there are limitations that the law applies on what kind of violence you can commit with respect to whether it's the code no are whether it doesn't matter what it is there are specific limitations but in the end there is nothing to prevent a slave owner in any situation from from committing the worst forms of abuse and we have tons of example of that happening and then getting away without without any
punishment without any. without any consideration of the state in terms of protecting the individual who was abused. plantation society relied soley on market forces violence was a necessary cost and us included balanchine's. it took four years to amortize the price of a slave there after he was valuable only in so far as he could still hold the machete this was the price to pay so the europe could reach over
i don't think that it's possible to reduce another human being to a mere cipher to a mere extension of your will and that's where a lot of the tension in the possibilities for slave revolt and resistance come in because if my purpose is to subject you absolutely but you can never be subjected absolutely we're always going to have conflict at the extremes of human domination even in slavery we find there is always resistance there is always tension and there's always struggle. because that right next to the lost and found an article runs through the list of negroes on the run. he was detained at twenty two jail a small negro cool job lot of good looking eighteen years i love years of age belonging to mr nadler who claims to be called family high five foot around fourteen years of age a very large amount of creole origin twelve years of age could negress name shall not good looking beautiful skin eighteen years of age. throughout the
caribbean escaped slaves took refuge in the heart of the most remote forests their nickname ruined slaves in reference to the spanish word. which originally designated cattle but it escaped into the wild in the most remote areas they began to organize resistance on each island men and women stood up against their oppressors in jamaica captain leonard parkinson the leader of the maroons and grandy nani and ashanti known as the marine priestess in barbados. an evil war chief through valiant insurgents found a name and identity. all throughout the mountainous areas of jamaica you have these communities of formerly enslaved people who have escaped and they learn the territory they learn to cultivate crops there and they learn to fight as well harassing plantations taking
gunpowder getting new recruits and maintaining and building communities in the mountains where this becomes increasingly a problem for the british and by the second third decade of the eighteenth century it breaks out into major war and the british aren't even sure they're going to be able to maintain the island. therefore there and. then there's. that then there are four yours where they. come from.
that then. run. from. the sugar system rose to a fever pitch and went haywire after the islands the fire reached the african coast . wars rage at the capture sites notably in senate gambia where the marabou it's blamed slave trade goods corrupting society. these outbursts of violence plunged the sugar industry into a deadlock. the crisis did not spare europe commercial ports more and more voices
rose to express outrage at the horrors of the slave trade. in all of the major slave trading ports everybody knew the truth of the slave trade and i'll tell you one way in which they knew it. slave trading vessels had a very specific smell and you could never get the smell out of the wood in fact it was said in charleston south carolina which was the major port for the importation of slaves into north america that when the wind was blowing off the water a certain way you could smell was a slave ship before you could see it what that meant was that in every poor these these ships these ships of horror that stank of human misery that this was all very well known.
suddenly information about the slave trade and its characteristics the experiences of enslaved africans in the course the middle passage came increasingly to public attention in the late seventy's eighty's abolitionists campaign this place particular emphasis on the middle passage that's when the polemical augie months began and many pamphlets being published on the case being augie slave owners realizing for the first time that they're going to have to make an argument about the legitimacy of colonial slavery. within his context in seven hundred eighty three a trial opposing lawyers in a slave trade company reverberated in england. abolitionists use it as
a platform to reveal the slave traders barbaric practices. the so-called zong massacre which took place in the early seventy's eighty's was a very important news event it basically consisted of a slave ship captain throwing a group of living africans overboard in an effort to collect insurance money now this was this voyage went on and it only came to court a couple of years later because one of the engines the insurance company refused to pay and when this event came to court an abolitionist named granville sharp shows up at this court case the question being where they actually property or not and sharps answer is this is mass murder this is just plain mass murder this is not
about property rights these are human beings. and the judge actually up held the insurance companies and which refused to pay insurance on the the murdered africans and that was vaso who brought this to the attention of granville sharp it was granville sharp then turned it into a big issue that helped to mobilize public opinion in britain. was one of the most fervent english abolitionists. born in one area he was deported at the age of eleven to the caribbean. when he was twenty one he managed to buy his freedom while passing through england. in his autobiography published in seventeen eighty nine he recounted his experience of the middle passage down in the hold and delivered a vibrant plea against slavery. facing the nations that have reduced him to the rank of an object the negro reclaimed his voice. gentleman.
such a tendency as a slave trade to debauch man's mind and heart in them to every feeling of humanity . it is their fate hannity of his mistaken avarice but it drops the milk of human kindness and turns it into god. which violates that first natural right of mankind equality and independence and gives one man a dominion over his followers which god could never intend. yet how mistaken is the avarice even of the planters are slaves more useful by being thus humbled to the condition of brutes and they would be if suffered to enjoy the privileges of man. when.
one of the important things you see in a quijano or stubbs vasa is that he's traveling around the atlantic world he's in slaves but then he works a bore to relieve you worship he works aboard a merchant ship he is then in london working with auntie slave trade campaigners right we can begin to get a sense that just because someone has been slaves in the atlantic world does not mean they're ignorant of its various contours and i think understanding that people's geographic imaginations were more open than we tend to think when we imagine a slave head down laboring on a plantation that to me is a powerful idea. by seven hundred eighty nine at the moment when gustavo vos us spoke out seven point seven million africans have been deported. one million from senegal. three point four million from the bite of benny and. three point two
million from central africa and close to seventy three thousand from east africa. while david eltis and emory university research team have clearly established deportation figures the income gathered by the slave trade is still currently being estimated. historians are still trying to assess today how much profit the slave trade yielded to banks and insurance companies. the slave trade is not only a foundation of american capitalism it is a foundation of all of european and atlantic capitalism because it created this massively profitable economic system that link the countries of northwestern
europe to the americas through the plantation system the great scholar activist c.l.r. james pointed out that the slave system created the greatest player and accumulation of wealth the world had ever seen up to that moment in time and this of course is a very important part of western prosperity. between six hundred thirty three and england's abolition of the slave trade in one thousand zero seven english companies deported two million seven hundred fifty five thousand eight hundred thirty african captives. most of them died on plantations worn out from work machinery and fields all of this for the sake of profit and nothing else . in two thousand and seven at the bicentennial commemoration of the abolition of
. how could they accept losing the hard won caribbean the goose that laid the golden egg of global capitalism at the beginning of the nineteenth century plantation owners and slave traders sought to thwart this wave of protest carried out by civil society by that time slavery a practice that dated back to the dawn of humanity seemed to more and to belong to the past england had understood this before the others and was thus one step ahead of its rivals it was preparing itself for world domination. brazil bears the legacy of slavery is final years. over two million slaves landed
there during the one nine hundred century making rio the largest slave trade port in the world but i think it's very important for people to realize that. for eighty twenty for every european that traveled across the atlantic they were public before africans. in eight hundred fifteen armed with its naval supremacy great britain impose the cessation of the slave trade on france and its other commercial rivals it wasn't simply the humanitarianism of the abolition move but it's that britain did not want other imperial rivals to have the benefit of slave labor when in fact they did. buying slaves of both sexes and inciting unions so that they would breed this was the only way for plantation owners to increase their slave livestock after brazil the united states became the new land of industrial slavery.
he is a self-proclaimed messenger of god painting millions of devoted but his path to enlightenment involves the rape and abuse of his followers when used investigates the fall of one of india's most powerful spiritual gurus on al-jazeera one of the really special things about working for al-jazeera is that even as a camera woman i get to have so much and put in contribution to a story i feel we cover this region better than anyone else would be for us as you know is that it should be but it is but a good because you have a lot of people that are divided on political issues. we do people believe to tell the real story so i'll just mend it used to be were indeed generalism we don't feel
inferior to the audiences across the globe. and we've got some very wet and windy weather that's pushing its way across australia at the moment the satellite picture is showing the swirling mass of cloud taya as it works its way east with the wood is easing so for friday should be mostly dry for many of us but the system hasn't finished with us just yet as it works its way across new south wales and into parts of queensland it'll be really intensifying once more so expect some thunderstorms hit during the day on saturday and some of them could be quite lively towards the west it should be fine and dry for us in perth on saturday maximum temperature nineteen now over towards new zealand it's been pretty stormy here over the past few days and you can see why for this world of cloud with us that's given us some heavy rain strong winds as well but it's pulling away a couple of outbreaks of rain in the east impossible at the north on the south island there as we head through friday but by saturday they should be following.
draw i settled if we had up towards the northern parts of asia we've got two storms with us at the moment the first one is made its way across parts of japan the other one is making its way across the korean peninsula these two storms then gradually make their way up towards the northeast merging as they do so they go this massive cloud that's making its way eastwards behind it try a pretty hot force in tokyo as we head through saturday on maximum getting to thirty five. but this don did not have the ability to take on every network no one's all snooty at the point all of them big enough to sponsor him some of them as well in search of the missing pieces of it in a really important meeting set off for the moment he said i like doing the right so you have got the pakistani puzzle when you go the news of bin laden was killed were you surprised what was your reaction oh they found him the place we continue well but we don't want anyone to know maybe how sun goes head to head with the former
anger from venezuela's economic migrants the u.n. urges latin american countries to ease entry restrictions. u.s. attorney general jeff sessions head back at donald trump saying he won't be influenced by political considerations. and i rested for a second time after allegedly being beaten in custody the ugandan opposition politician bobby one is charged with treason. and i'm far as well have all the day's sport including singapore's olympic champion joseph schooling clenches his second gold medal of the games to win fifty meters or fly fine. we begin in yemen where who will say dozens of children have been killed inside. the official news agency accused the rebels of launching
a missile and her day does during the me district killing one person but according to the t.v. coalition warplanes later targeted a camp for internally displaced people also and dozens of casualties well our correspondent alan fisher is monitoring the situation from neighboring djibouti. well we're just trying to put together what exactly has happened in yemen over the last couple of hours speaking to local journalists and trying to find out from local sources what appears to happen there is that there was an attack in the area of this district and we are told by united arab emirates state media that that was carried out by the fighters and it killed one child then a couple of hours later we saw another attack and account for internally displaced people essentially refugees from the war in other parts of yemen who moved to this place to try and get some safety attack we are told killed thirty one people including more than twenty children local journalists are quoting the health ministry in sanaa as confirmation of those numbers that this attack comes just two
weeks after the saudi led coalition attacked a school bus which killed fifty people including forty children now it is alleged that it was a u.s. missile that was used in that attack and that led to questions across the united states from many politicians wondering why the u.s. was still supporting this idea led operations in yemen and if this attack this latest attack proves to be so if you like coalition operation using american missiles that will only increase the calls for the u.s. to get out of the conflict in yemen we've also had in the last couple of hours some answer rula movement links to the who sees and they say that new blood has been spilled in yemen new child's blood has been spilled in yemen before the blood of the previous attack had even begun to dry. the united nations is calling on south american countries to keep their borders open for fleeing venezuelans thousands of people are escaping the worst economic collapse in the history of their oil rich
country more than two million people have left in the last four years and it is causing a continental crisis and the numbers are staggering more than a million have arrived in colombia in the last sixteen months four hundred twenty three thousand entered ecuador just this year and the government says all venezuelans now need passports to enter and many are racing against time to enter peru where similar rules are set to come into force on saturday four hundred thousand venezuelans are currently in the country are latin america editor lucien newman has this report from the heart of the crisis that's been as well as capital caracas. this is sandra uncle this is last day at her home in her working class neighborhood she sold everything possible and packed the rest as she enters sister her two daughters and their four small children prepare to abandon israel. i have
to get my daughter out of here before it's too late friend jelly's three year old can't speak and she had a stroke provoked she says by the lack of medicine to treat her repeated convulsions half of them will go to peru the rest to chile to join husbands and sons but sandra is angry enough what. we want to remain here in my beloved venezuela the best country in the world until madrid destroyed it relieving half of our family behind our family it's now scattered. indeed oil rich venezuela is on recognizable disease hunger uncontrollable violence and hyperinflation are driving millions from a country where poverty has reached eighty percent president nicolas maduro blames u.s. financial sanctions but they don't begin to explain a crisis that began long before they were imposed a year ago. what is happening is of such gravity that it looks as though we were
going through a terrible war like syria except there is no war and it's the expectation that things will get even worse it is nourishing the stampede. not that it's easy to leave a passport is worth its weight in gold to my money that i need but hell is no way to get a passport at least to pay two thousand dollars under the table which i don't have . that's when the passport office official asked us to move away. those lucky enough to have a passport come here to catch a bus going to peru via colombia and ecuador like everything else the bus tickets go on day by day so the people who are lining up here are doing so not to get a new ticket but to pay the difference someone they bought a month ago at four hundred and forty now they have to pay eight hundred eighty one they can't get on the bus it's prohibitive so like many others alexander is leaving for peru to try his luck with his pockets empty. there's no work
a consequence my family obama milk and diapers my baby so i have no choice. as the departure time nears the waiting room begins to look and feel like a mass funeral parlor husbands wives children and fiances say goodbye to each other and certain what will become of those who leave. or of those who must stay behind a tragedy that's taking place every single day in every corner of an israel or the sea in human al-jazeera caracas. we're covering the crisis from major points to cover the story it's our isabeau isn't in brazil where many venezuelans are. from locals but first we go to maddie on a sanchez is and on the border with ecuador so marianna does it look like there are large numbers of people trying to beat that position as a possible that said on saturday.
that's right i think. there are more people today than we seem to morrow u.n.h.c.r. the united nations of those who are refugees official told us that they have seen more people today than the days before except that there was a peak on saturday of more than five thousand venezuelans trying to get into now the reasons of course all the main reason is because on saturday there will be a restriction in polls where most when it will benefit us will need a passport to come into peruke as lucille was telling us just a few minutes ago. that to get a passport in venezuela is very expensive and it takes a long time to move people arriving here have only the venezuelan i.d.m. they get here and they get and what is called an andean card that allows them to continue in the country and to be able to apply for a temporary. residence permit which allows them to work the question will be what
happens after saturday when so many people still trying to get here. not come with passports and they will not be able to go back to work well because the ecuadorian government has nothing restriction and they are transporting people for free through a quote from colombia all the way to make all those people come into good and safe while they can still be coming into peru but they will not be able to go. so what is happening give me up is that there are people already you think i'll turn up to fruit not too far away from here there's a border crossing where there are no controls and of course mafia are starting to get people on the way tell them that they can bring them across those people of course will be able to come but illegally. thank you marianna son just in peru for
us we cannot go to there as it goes in the brazilian city of that's near the venezuela border. there is a what situation what's the situation where you are we've seen earlier we saw violence are along the border towns against those crossing over what is it like now . well the situation is calm and now after the violence that we saw last weekend when in the town of my which is about three hours away from here a venezuelans who were living in a shelter where attack to the camp with that's on fire and they were forced out of brazil by a group of brazilians who were accusing them of attacking businessmen in the area the situation is much calmer now that forced the government to deploy security forces and one hundred of venezuelans continue to cross the border every day they're desperate they're hungry they're in search of a meal they're in search of medicine and they see that they do not want to go back and let the situation changes and many of them end up in shelters like this ones
that are taken care of by the brazilian government and the united nations refugee agency there tend to like the ones you can see here and houses that were meant to be in iraq and they have to be rushed in here there are nine comes like this one. and they're building more because they're running out of capacity this camp for example it's expected to have around six hundred people and we know that there's over seven hundred and when you go outside on the street there are hundreds of families that are piling on the street children and women pregnant women who are waiting for a space in places like this one so it's a critical situation right now the government is saying that they're trying to relocate some families to other points in brazil to decrease the tension here because let's not forget that i might is one of the poorest states in brazil they have problems of their own unemployment and poverty and of course having people on the street increases the tensions are the priority right now for the government to
in a way decrease tension here and start sending families to other parts of the country that is a wanted thing the situation in brazil for us is we did not go over to us on the road. that's on the colombia ecuador order are there any signs that the authorities are heeding the u.n. calls to ease the restrictions there. well we don't know yet but there has been a number of colorations coming from the ecuadorian government that might show a willingness to allow you to at least some of these restrictions some are already happening in the case of young kids for example that don't have a path.